Custom Search
_here_search_with_expressions_from_this_page ... (_text_below_will_NOT_disappear)



   v. May 30, 2017
government bonds: special increased / reduced risks - example: Russian bonds


Government Bonds in the Financial Crisis Government bonds can be the best way to benefit from a financial crisis. This is true when the bonds are bound to a relatively stable currency or to gold, or otherwise do not loose their value due to typical currency devaluation risks during a financial crisis.

Major aspects


Types of government bonds

A government bond is a bond issued by a national government denominated in the country's own currency.

Bonds issued by national governments in foreign currencies are normally referred to as sovereign bonds.

Of special interest are bonds with a value linked to a certain volume of gold.

Eternal debt...

It is a rule of the financial markets that public debt is never wiped out, excepted by expressive agreements among governments.

It is easy for governments to do this for loans among governments (nations) or state-owned institutions. They are doing it by loosing taxpayers money, not their own money...

On the other hand, governments can not wipe out by law their own obligation from bonds owned by private foreign persons.

The "eternal" validity status of such private-owned bonds is completely within legal logics. Governments can wipe out their own debt at any time, as they have the power of legislation. So this action might - within limits - wipe out debt inside the country, where citizens can take part in political life and can contest these measures. For foreigners, active participation in inner affairs of a country is prohibited.

Therefore it is quite logical that laws of debt cancellation within the national legislation of a country are not valid for external ("international") governmental debt.

Russian bonds


The best still unresolved example: Bonds by the Russian Empire

These bonds financed approximately 1910 and in the preceding years Russian railway infrastructure and industrialisation. They defaulted due to communist revolution. Communist Russia denied the identity of new Russia and the former Russian Empire, or otherwise denied the legal obligation to pay. This added significantly to the long lasting difficulties for communist Russia to find financial resources for industrialisation, excepted during World War II.

Russia benefits since approximately 1910 and until now from this huge investment. The railway net is a significant factor in Russian economy, also nowadays. So Russia permanently cashs in the return of investment instead of paying it to the investors.



Since approximately 1990, Russia tried to settle the problem.

French investors had been the major source for financing the Russian Empire. Hundred thousands of French citizens had bought these bonds. French govenrment had apparently done its best to have a good relationship to Russia. So French governmental responsibility has to be considered as involved, too.

Approximately 1995, In cooperation between Russian and French governments, a circular agreement was tried to eliminate all defaulted bonds without requiring cash from Russia. France used gold stocks - property of the Russian Empire, stored since its end for 80 years in France - to install a compensation scheme for the bonds: The current bond owners had to supply the bond documents first to a French organization, in order to get then a initially still unknown small amount of might be 5 percent of the true value (when measuring the true value in real terms).

A huge volume of such bonds had not been supplied into this compensation scheme. French citizens have since generations the habit not to trust excessively into their government and in general in governments.... So the problem persists for Russia.

A large volume of these bonds is based on gold value. 1 single bond might this way now be worth 3000 Euro or even more. This might be 30 times the value which could have been obtained by the compensation scheme. There are so many bonds still in private ownership that there is no easy rapid way out of this problem.




Russian Ship is targeted worldwide by creditors

Ships owned by national organizations and businesses are a preferred target of creditors of unpaid debt. Courts of any country could order that the ship is not allowed to leave untit the final Court decision. So even in case of lacking success of the Court proceedings, the damage would be significant. - Example:

The STS Sedov (Russian: Седов), formerly the Magdalene Vinnen II (1921–1936) and the Kommodore Johnsen (–1948), is a 4-masted steel barque that for almost 80 years was the largest traditional sailing ship in operation. After WWII, it came into the hands of Russia (war reparations).

Sedov has regularly been targeted by unpaid creditors of the Russian Federation such as Nissim Gaon (of now defunct Swiss group NOGA, an anagram of Gaon) and also by French holders of defaulted Russian bonds; in 2002 Sedov was forced to precipititiously and unexpectedly leave Marseilles in the dead of night to avoid being served a writ by AFPER (French association of holders of Russian Empire bonds) the following morning.

For over a year French holders of defaulted Russian bonds have been warning they were going to reorganise and export their claim to Anglo- Saxon jurisdictions, more friendly to private citizens than the French.

In May 2008, in the wake of British-Russian tension, Sedov was instructed by Moscow not to dock as planned at Southend on Sea.

(The preceding lines are mostly derived from Information of wikipedia.org.)


Consequences

Buy during a financial crisis government bonds if nearly worthless, when the long term expectations are fine.

The example of the defaulted Russian bonds shows the essential aspects to observe.

The contractual aspects like currency, guaranty, payment rules have to be studied.

It is well possible to guess the future: The political and financial discipline of a country is a relatively constant behaviour model. There are countries with one-time problems during decades, and other countries which developed the habit to experiment a financial crash every 10 years or so.

The demographic status of a country is a helpful indicator. It population growth is high, economic growth might be satisfactory, but financial stability may lack in many such countries for several decades from now.

Calculation and risk factors

Low risk because the government can raise taxes or simply print more money to redeem the bond at maturity.

If bonds are denominated in one of the current two most reliable currencies - US dollars or Euros - , they have a high protection against the currency risk.

There is always a currency exchange rate risk for investors acting in two different currencies.

There is in all currency-linked government bonds the inflation risk: The principal repaid at maturity will have less purchasing power than anticipated if the inflation outturn is higher than expected.

Many governments issue inflation-indexed bonds, which should protect investors against inflation risk. The problem is that price index statistics are basically wrong, at least due to basic logical statistical problems, in addition possibly to intentional falsification. It is different for long term comparisons to make the difference between these two. This makes that even inflation-indexed bonds yield a loss.

The best loss protection is if the bonds are bound to some raw material basket or even better to a mixed basked of raw materials, consumption, investment goods like housing, average income. You will never find the really ideal bonds...

Close to best is if the bond value is linked to the gold price. This is the case for a part of bonds from the Russian Empire.


France : some gold-linked bonds

Please contact...

The author's good information state on this matter has some good reason...

There are many defaulted gold-based Russian bonds owned by French families. Suggestions (French, English, German, Spanish, Russian) to: ok @ mrmio.com


► Suggestions for rectifications to: ok @ mrmio.com
► Consult / trariff? Please communicate the subject for a suggestion to: ok @ mrmio.com (Typical per hour rates: Like those for lawyers.)














further useful information / similar topics





Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
Your search words are possibly to adapt to the terminology of your country : ... lawyer ... attorney ... solicitor ... (or barrister).
losses: protection level / attorney ('EEYE )


information about protection ('EEYE )
 

  informing investors of compensation regulation attorney.  
  essential element of investor protection attorney.  
  information - possible application of a compensation scheme attorney.  
  obligation of information - intending investors - compensation scheme attorney.
 

  advertising - amount and scope of compensation scheme attorney.  
  stability of the financial system attorney.  
  investor confidence attorney.
 

  admission of an investment firm attorney.  
  maintain the integrity of the financial system attorney.  
  authorities being made liable in respect of investor losses attorney.



scope of protection ('EEYE )
 

  level of cover offered compensation schemes attorney.  
  scope of cover by compensation schemes attorney.  
  financial sector attorney.  
  categories of investments attorney.  
  categories of investors attorney.  
  investor-compensation schemes under the responsibility of professional organizations attorney.  
  investor-compensation schemes on a statutory basis attorney.


level of cover ('EEYE  )
 

  level of cover of loss attorney.  
  lower level of cover attorney.  
  afford greater cover to investors. attorney.  
  more comprehensive cover for investors. attorney.  
  percentage of an investor's claim attorney.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
Your search words are possibly to adapt to the terminology of your country : ... lawyer ... attorney ... solicitor ... (or barrister).
investor loss cases / attorney ('EEYE )


Germany / Deutschland / Allemagne ('EEYD )
 

  2008 CMS-Spread Ladder-Swap , Deutsche Bank AG attorney.  
  Spread Ladder-Swap attorney.  
  Zinswetten , Deutsche Bank attorney.
 

  2010 Emittent Morgan Stanley Real Estate Investment GmbH attorney.  
  Morgan Stanley Real Estate Investment GmbH attorney.  
  Immobilienfonds Morgan Stanley P2 Value attorney.
 

  2009 Hedge-Fonds K1, X1 Fund Allocation GmbH, Helmut Kiener, Hamburg, Würzburg, Aschaffenburg attorney.  
  Helmut Kiener attorney.  
  2009 K1 Global Ltd., Genussrechte Klasse A, British Virgin Islands - BVI, Nito Asset Management Ltd. London, Rabobank attorney.  
  K1 Global Ltd., Genussrechte Klasse A,  
  K1 Global Ltd. attorney.
 

  2009 K1 Global Ltd. Vienna Life Fonds Police; Vienna Life Lebensversicherung AG, Liechtenstein attorney.  
  K1 Global Ltd. Vienna Life Fonds Police attorney.  
  2009 K1 Invest Ltd. Genussrechte Klasse A attorney.  
  K1 Invest Ltd. Genussrechte Klasse A attorney.  
  K1 Invest Ltd. Vienna Life Fonds Police attorney.
 

  2009 X1 Global Index Zertifikat attorney.  
  X1 Global Index Zertifikat attorney.  
  2009 X1 Global Garantie Index-Zertifikat attorney.  
  X1 Global Garantie Index-Zertifikat attorney.
 

  2008 geschlossene DG Immobilien- Fonds, DG Fonds Nr. 32 34 35 37 39 attorney.  
  Tochteruntenehmen der DZ Bank AG; Raiffeisenbank: Volksbank; Südwestbank. attorney.
 

  2008 HRE Hypo Real Estate, DEPFA Ireland attorney.  
  HRE attorney.  
  DEPFA attorney.
 

  2008 Lehman Brothers attorney.  
  Lehman Brothers attorney.  
  Lehman attorney.
 

  2008 Kaupthing Island attorney.  
  Kaupthing attorney.
 

  IKB attorney.  
  2007 IKB attorney.
 

  2005 Allgemeine HypothekenBank Rheinboden AG, AHBR attorney.  
  Allgemeine HypothekenBank Rheinboden AG attorney.  
  AHBR attorney.
 

  2005 Frankfurter Wertpapierhandelsbank Phoenix Kapitaldienst GmbH attorney.  
  Phoenix attorney.  
  Phoenix Kapitaldienst GmbH attorney.  
  EdW attorney.  
  2005 Entschädigungseinrichtung für Wertpapierhandelsunternehmen, EdW, Phoenix attorney.  
  Entschädigungseinrichtung für Wertpapierhandelsunternehmen EdW attorney.  
  EdW attorney.
 

  2000 Deutsche Telekom Börsengang, DT3 attorney.  
  Deutsche Telekom Börsengang attorney.


Luxembourg / Luxemburg ('EEYD )
 

  2005 AMIS AG attorney.  
  AMIS attorney.


USA - (soon far more for USA) ('EEYD )
 

  2008 Lehman Brothers attorney.  
  Lehman attorney.
 

  2008 Madoff attorney.  
  Madoff attorney.



Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
loss claim for compensation / penal code ('EEYE )


loss claim / period ('EEYE )
 

  loss compensation for investor without excessive delay penal code.  
  once the validity of his claim has been established penal code.  
  reasonable period for the presentation of claims penal code.  
  period for a compensation claim has expired penal code.  
  loss claim - expiration may not be invoked penal code.  
  for good reason unable to present claim within the time allowed; penal code.


compensation claims / conditions ('EEYE )
 

  amount of an investor's claim penal code.  
  claim - legal and contractual conditions penal code.  
  claim - amount, set off and counterclaims. penal code.  
  claim - assessment, money or value penal code.  
  amount determined by reference to the market value penal code.
 

  Claims arising out of transactions penal code.  
  transactions with a criminal conviction for money laundering penal code.  
  prevention of the use of the financial system for money laundering penal code.  
  money laundering - excluded from compensation penal code.  
  money laundering - excluded from investor-compensation schemes. penal code.


formalities / compensation ('EEYE )
 

  withdrawal of an investment firm's authorization penal code.  
  investor is not absolutely entitled penal code.  
  not absolutely entitled to the sums or securities penal code.  
  establishment of the eligibility of the claim penal code.  
  establishment of the amount of the claim penal code.  
  formalities to obtain compensation penal code.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
losses: how to get your money back / penal code ('EEYE )


investor compensation scheme ('EEYE )
 

  protection of investors penal code.  
  maintenance of confidence in the financial system penal code.  
  investor compensation scheme penal code.  
  EU Member State should have an investor-compensation scheme penal code.  
  a minimum level of protection for small investor penal code.  
  an investment firm - unable to meet its obligations penal code.  
  investor clients; penal code.  
  investment firm - investor clients; penal code.


small investors / protection ('EEYE )
 

  small investors - branches of foreign investment firms penal code.  
  small investors purchase investment services penal code.  
  small investors - the cross-border provision of services penal code.  
  small investors confident penal code.  
  domestic investment firms penal code.  
  minimum level of protection available penal code.


foreign investment services ('EEYE )
 

  foreign investment firm operating through a branch penal code.  
  foreign investment firm operating under the freedom to provide services penal code.  
  belong to no investor-compensation scheme in its home State penal code.  
  belong to a scheme not offering equivalent protection; . requirement; penal code.  
  domestic investor protection penal code.  
  domestic compensation scheme penal code.  
  requirement membership in domestic compensation scheme penal code.


claims and supervision ('EEYE )
 

  investment business penal code.  
  branch - part of a company, but no legal personality penal code.  
  competent authorities penal code.  
  supervision of credit institutions penal code.
 

  deposit-guarantee scheme penal code.  
  investment firm - unable to meet its obligations - investors' claims penal code.  
  judicial authority - ruling - an investment firm - suspends investors' ability to make claims penal code.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
securities / classes / loss ('EFBC )


transferable securities ('EFBC )
 

  investment services in the securities field loss.  
  door-to-door selling of transferable securities loss.  
  transferable securities loss.  
  securities which are normally dealt on the capital market loss.  
  classes of securities dealt on the capital market loss.  
  government securities loss.  
  shares in companies loss.  
  funds - securities loss.
 

  negotiable securities to acquire shares by subscription loss.  
  securities giving the right to acquire shares by exchange loss.  
  depositary receipts loss.  
  bonds issued as part of a series loss.  
  index warrants loss.  
  securities giving the right to acquire index warrants loss.  
  securities giving the right to acquire index warrants by subscription loss.  
  securities giving the right to acquire bonds loss.


money-market instruments ('EFBC )
 

  money-market instruments loss.  
  classes of instruments which are normally dealt in on the money market loss.  
  treasury bills loss.  
  certificates of deposit loss.  
  commercial paper loss.
 

  financial instrument equivalent to a financial-futures contract loss.  
  value of a financial instrument loss.  
  futures contract - settled by a payment loss.  
  futures contract - calculation - fluctuations in interest rates loss.  
  futures contract - calculation - fluctuations in exchange rates loss.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
Savings / damage ('EEA)


bank accounts etc. ('EEC )
 

  bank account damage.  
  financial account damage.  
  savings account damage.  
  deposit account damage.  
  fixed deposit account damage.
 

  Checking account damage.  
  personal account damage.  
  loan account damage.  
  numbered bank account damage.  
  bank secrecy damage.
 

  building society account damage.  
  building society UK damage.


Fixed rate ('EEC )
 

  Bonds damage.  
  Corporate bonds damage.  
  Government bonds damage.  
  Bond funds damage.  
  Mortgage bonds damage.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
Financial service providers / joke ('EBB )


investment services ('EBB )
 

  investment services joke.  
  securities joke.  
  investment services in the securities field joke.  
  investment firms joke.  
  internal market for investment firms joke.


financial services ('EBB )
 

  professional and institutional investors joke.  
  investment firms joke.  
  credit institutions joke.  
  financial institutions joke.  
  insurance undertakings joke.  
  collective-investment undertakings joke.  
  pension and retirement funds joke.


insurance & similar ('EBB )
 

  insurance companies joke.  
  insurance undertakings joke.  
  reinsurance companies joke.  
  undertakings carrying out reinsurance activities joke.  
  iundertakings carrying out retrocession activities joke.  
  employee-participation schemes joke.


public bodies ('EBB )
 

  central bank joke.  
  management of the public debt joke.  
  public bodies charged with the management of the public debt, joke.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
Money records: Errors, Damage, Disasters,... / damage ('EAW)


most expensive verhicles (cars and...) ('BW )
most expensive human Mega errors ('KKY )
 

  Most expensive errors damage.  
  Most expensive human errors damage.  
  Most expensive bank errors damage.  
  Most expensive science errors in history damage.  
  Most expensive flops damage.


Most expensive disasters, accidents, diseases,... ('TY )
 

  Most expensive accident damage.  
  Most expensive disease damage.  
  Most expensive health insurance damage.  
  Most expensive auto insurance damage.  
  Most expensive car insurance damage.
 

  Most expensive natural disasters damage.  
  Most expensive earthquake damage.  
  Most expensive earthquake insurance damage.  
  Most expensive hurricanes damage.  
  Most expensive hurricanes in history damage.  
  Most expensive storms damage.  
  Most expensive storms in history damage.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
Your search words are possibly to adapt to the terminology of your country : ... lawyer ... attorney ... solicitor ... (or barrister).
business and manipulation / attorney ('EYC )

 
  business attorney.  
  ordering attorney.  
  white-collar crime attorney.  
  health drugs attorney.  
  science attorney.  
  scientific study attorney.
 

  gambling attorney.  
  sport attorney.  
  match fixing attorney.
 

  tax haven attorney.  
  bank secrecy attorney.  
  money laundering attorney.


business and manipulation / bribe ('EYC )

 
  business bribe.  
  ordering bribe.  
  white-collar crime bribe.  
  health drugs bribe.  
  science bribe.  
  scientific study bribe.
 

  gambling bribe.  
  sport bribe.  
  match fixing bribe.
 

  tax haven bribe.  
  bank secrecy bribe.  
  money laundering bribe.


business and manipulation / embezzlement ('EYC )

 
  business embezzlement.  
  ordering embezzlement.  
  white-collar crime embezzlement.  
  health drugs embezzlement.  
  science embezzlement.  
  scientific study embezzlement.
 

  gambling embezzlement.  
  sport embezzlement.  
  match fixing embezzlement.
 

  tax haven embezzlement.  
  bank secrecy embezzlement.  
  money laundering embezzlement.




 _i_
read this page in 50
other languages:



The Best or Nothing.
V V V V V V

INFOS7 Advertisement:    (FAIRWORDS FAIRCENTS)


TRANSRANTO perfect translation:
(Invest:)  IYour product documentation: Fully automatic in 50 languages. No major unintended content modifications.
prof7.com


Become your own lawman.
infoInfo:  Access to tons of specialized legal info. Templates, free help, consult, problem solutions.
aha7.com/ppp-en /ukb-menu-en.htm


"PILLDOUNG" - knowledge sites:
(Invest:)  Education + comprehension - how to gain deep knowledge (rather than trivia, news and fact knowledge).
prof7.com


1200 business inspirations
infoInfo:  Tons of information sources. Money, concepts, solutions.
aha7.com/ppp-en /spa-menu-en.htm


'Social Market Economy'
infoInfo:  Germany's economic success policy: Combination capitalism, moral standards, human rights.
uno7.org/vae-amenu-en.htm


Your website - a cash cow: FAIRCENTS
infoInfo:  Finally promotional Dollars / Euros + love for publishers. Blogs. Press. Specialized information. (Ads visible despite Adblock!)
aha7.com


Your new website:
(Buy!)  (service) How to find the best hosting company. Criteria: Pricing, user interface, staff qualification, server performance.
aha7.com/ppp-en /cft-hostopt-en.htm


Irrigation: Remote control
(Buy!)  Sprinkler control based on a palmtop PC. Remote control over the internet. 8 stations. Innovation.
zack7.com/index.php?id_lang=1


ULTIMATE E-BOOK:
(Invest:)  A system for electronic books using Web browsers. Your e-book can still be read in 1000 years.
prof7.com


OMNI-TRANS language translation
(Invest:)  is an innovative project with an auto-leaning feature. It works like children learn languages, emulating brain algorithms.
prof7.com
The Best or Nothing.
V V V V V V

INFOS7 Advertisement:    (FAIRWORDS FAIRCENTS)


Start-up - lease yours now!
infoInfo:  Startup-Franchise for you. Age does not matter. Examples: Knowledge- /info- /media-stes, e-commerrce, financial sites.
uno7.org/ebb-ect-starr-en.htm


Home wind turbine + accessories.
(Buy!)  Complete kit with instructions. For feeding directly into the home power grid.
zack7.com/index.php?id_lang=2


Debt problems? Bankruptcy?
infoInfo:  (search aid:) List of solutions. Links to unlimited information. Concepts, advice, debt settlement, loans.
aha7.com/ppp-en /ecys-bankr-en.htm


Role massager.
(Buy!)  Problem areas? Fat? Skin improvement? Complete kit, accessories, manuals.
uno7.org /ftt-t-act-en.htm


Technology purchase for connoisseurs
(Buy!)  Online Store: Your larger purchases. Garden, energy, health, computer.
uno7.org /ftt-t-act-en.htm


AHA7 BALLERINA: how to loose weight -
infoInfo:  in a natural and efficient manner. Weight loss: Truth, manipulation, science.
uno7.org/wfm-wreduc-en.htm


Your company formation - worldwide.
infoInfo:  Your business abroad - remotely managed from your apartment. Or for companies, branch offices, agencies, address use.
uno7.org/sua-amenu-en.htm


PLURANTO, your user programming language.
(Invest:)  Simple to learn and to use. Multi-language. Stop working for your PC. Make your PC work for you.
aha7.com/ppp-en /ebb-ceb-plur-en.htm


PLURANTO, future world language.
(Invest:)  You can use from now this anticipation of the future universal language of human civilisation.
prof7.com


For investors: Website Generator
infoInfo:  CYPONET Universal market place generator. 10 000++ EUR/USD. Unique power software
prof7.com


_ASCMay_ EVF-BONDNAT = EVFBONDNAT    _i_

FAIRWORDS: If you have a business:
To see your ads published here: contact ok@infos7.com
Placement bidding. Average 2 cent per visitor ~=20c per click.
Information / FAIRWORDS: aha7.com/ppp-en/ptp-adplacem-en.htm
FAIRCENTS: If you are an Internet publisher:
Earn that money! Contact ok@infos7.com . So far for sites in languages EN DE FR. Soon also ES RU PT IT.
Information / FAIRCENTS: aha7.com/ppp-en/ptp-adplacem-en.htm


















further useful information / similar topics





Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
Your search words are possibly to adapt to the terminology of your country : ... lawyer ... attorney ... solicitor ... (or barrister).
losses: how to get your money back / attorney ('EEYE )


investor compensation scheme ('EEYE )
 

  protection of investors attorney.  
  maintenance of confidence in the financial system attorney.  
  investor compensation scheme attorney.  
  EU Member State should have an investor-compensation scheme attorney.  
  a minimum level of protection for small investor attorney.  
  an investment firm - unable to meet its obligations attorney.  
  investor clients; attorney.  
  investment firm - investor clients; attorney.


small investors / protection ('EEYE )
 

  small investors - branches of foreign investment firms attorney.  
  small investors purchase investment services attorney.  
  small investors - the cross-border provision of services attorney.  
  small investors confident attorney.  
  domestic investment firms attorney.  
  minimum level of protection available attorney.


foreign investment services ('EEYE )
 

  foreign investment firm operating through a branch attorney.  
  foreign investment firm operating under the freedom to provide services attorney.  
  belong to no investor-compensation scheme in its home State attorney.  
  belong to a scheme not offering equivalent protection; . requirement; attorney.  
  domestic investor protection attorney.  
  domestic compensation scheme attorney.  
  requirement membership in domestic compensation scheme attorney.


claims and supervision ('EEYE )
 

  investment business attorney.  
  branch - part of a company, but no legal personality attorney.  
  competent authorities attorney.  
  supervision of credit institutions attorney.
 

  deposit-guarantee scheme attorney.  
  investment firm - unable to meet its obligations - investors' claims attorney.  
  judicial authority - ruling - an investment firm - suspends investors' ability to make claims attorney.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
losses: protection level / damage ('EEYE )


information about protection ('EEYE )
 

  informing investors of compensation regulation damage.  
  essential element of investor protection damage.  
  information - possible application of a compensation scheme damage.  
  obligation of information - intending investors - compensation scheme damage.
 

  advertising - amount and scope of compensation scheme damage.  
  stability of the financial system damage.  
  investor confidence damage.
 

  admission of an investment firm damage.  
  maintain the integrity of the financial system damage.  
  authorities being made liable in respect of investor losses damage.



scope of protection ('EEYE )
 

  level of cover offered compensation schemes damage.  
  scope of cover by compensation schemes damage.  
  financial sector damage.  
  categories of investments damage.  
  categories of investors damage.  
  investor-compensation schemes under the responsibility of professional organizations damage.  
  investor-compensation schemes on a statutory basis damage.


level of cover ('EEYE  )
 

  level of cover of loss damage.  
  lower level of cover damage.  
  afford greater cover to investors. damage.  
  more comprehensive cover for investors. damage.  
  percentage of an investor's claim damage.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
Property / parody ('EEA)


Property ('ETE )
 

  Property parody.  
  Raw materials parody.  
  Gold parody.  
  Silver parody.  
  Precious metals parody.  
  Collections parody.  
  Collectibles parody.


Estate ('EUA )
 

  Real estate funds parody.  
  Investment property parody.  
  Rental house parody.  
  Home parody.  
  owner-occupied home parody.  
  Condominium parody.  
  owner occupied condo parody.


Intellectual Property ('EPE )
 

  Copyrights parody.  
  Author rights parody.  
  Licenses parody.  
  Patents parody.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
Financial service providers / joke ('EBB )


investment services ('EBB )
 

  investment services joke.  
  securities joke.  
  investment services in the securities field joke.  
  investment firms joke.  
  internal market for investment firms joke.


financial services ('EBB )
 

  professional and institutional investors joke.  
  investment firms joke.  
  credit institutions joke.  
  financial institutions joke.  
  insurance undertakings joke.  
  collective-investment undertakings joke.  
  pension and retirement funds joke.


insurance & similar ('EBB )
 

  insurance companies joke.  
  insurance undertakings joke.  
  reinsurance companies joke.  
  undertakings carrying out reinsurance activities joke.  
  iundertakings carrying out retrocession activities joke.  
  employee-participation schemes joke.


public bodies ('EBB )
 

  central bank joke.  
  management of the public debt joke.  
  public bodies charged with the management of the public debt, joke.


business and manipulation / bribe ('EYC )

 
  business bribe.  
  ordering bribe.  
  white-collar crime bribe.  
  health drugs bribe.  
  science bribe.  
  scientific study bribe.
 

  gambling bribe.  
  sport bribe.  
  match fixing bribe.
 

  tax haven bribe.  
  bank secrecy bribe.  
  money laundering bribe.


Enter in the search field on the page top one of these word combinations (or simply copy&paste a whole line into the search field). - Quotation marks, if any, have to be entered exactly in the same position.
business and manipulation / free "how to" ('EYC )

 
  business free "how to".  
  ordering free "how to".  
  white-collar crime free "how to".  
  health drugs free "how to".  
  science free "how to".  
  scientific study free "how to".
 

  gambling free "how to".  
  sport free "how to".  
  match fixing free "how to".
 

  tax haven free "how to".  
  bank secrecy free "how to".  
  money laundering free "how to".


 _i_
   Top Menu        aha7.com/ppp-en
   Version       .   (EN)          
  Translation        mot7.org          (v. 2017-05 xcyplax )
Where to go now?
Catalogs which include similar offers :
»money invest  
    most similar:  »money invest       
»economic system   »legal battles   »politics  

    your questions        ok @ aha7.com


Please add a link to this page in forums, comments, blogs, web sites, bookmark sites.   (permanent_link:) .  
http://aha7.com/ppp-en/evf-bondnat-en.htm

We protect your privacy by not using publishing buttons for Facebook, Twitter, GooglePlus and others. Therefore we rely on your help to spread our page links.




when the involved interest of a contract can not finance the participation of a legal expert.

» Menu: Contract templates     EN   DE   FR


     (Photo: © 2007 Don Pedro & Admin.aha7.com



image: car ban ~10 000 financial market terms:
all the 10 000 in English, German, Spanish, French, Chinese(trad.), Russian, Portuguese (later also Arabic).

(Photo: Override the language barriers.)
30++ translation tables: For all language pairs of these languages: Find for each term within seconds the various possible approximative translations.

image: car silver-crim Fin-Monster Enyclopedia:
(Photo: Eradicate the red in your invest balance.)
Includes a look-up system for each of these languages, to view instantly for each of the ~10 000 expressions on the Internet all definitons, explanations, introductions, tutors, news.

image: car uprigh Fin-Monster Categories:
(Photo: Be the best - climb to the top.)
Includes category-based sub-listings..
Includes derived sub-listings for specific segments of financial markets..

» MENU : FIN-MONSTER     EN   DE   FR   ES   RU   ZH   PT

             (Photos: - YELLOW: J.Powers 2004, Creat.Comm.Lic.2.0 - BLUE: J.Powers 2004, Creat.Comm.2.0 - SILVER: J.Powers 2006, Creat.Comm.2.5 - GREEN: K.Kesselring 2007, Creat.Comm.2.0


Please add a link to this page in forums, comments, blogs, web sites, bookmark sites.   (permanent_link:) .  
http://aha7.com/ppp-en/evf-bondnat-en.htm

We protect your privacy by not using publishing buttons for Facebook, Twitter, GooglePlus and others. Therefore we rely on your help to spread our page links.


A fortune burned due to "expert" advice?
--- (Information in text pages:) ---

» AHA7 Invest SOS: save your money (menu)     EN   DE   FR
» Losses: dispute for compensation (menu)     EN   DE   FR


(Photo: 2005 Eric Hensley, Creat.Comm. Attrib. ShareAlike 2.5 Lic.: A school burns, Aberdeen High School, state =Washington /US.)






With the help tool fax7 FAX7 ORGATEXT you will find for the subjects of your choice all free letter templates, samples, prepared application forms available on the Internet.

» Menu: Templates & how tos     EN   DE   FR


(Photo: A howling wolf in: Wildpark Eekholt,Germany; by Volker.G.; Lic.GNU Free Doc 1.2++)


    (Photo:. _DE_"Eierlegende Wollmilchsau" (colloquial)
_EN_ (literal:) "An egg laying wool milk swine" (a truly versatile 'magic' tool; IT colloquial equivalent: "Jack of all trades (device)")
_FR_ "mouton à 5 pattes qui pond des œufs et qui donne du lait" (colloquial - literal translation: "a sheep with 5 legs which lays eggs and supplies milk") - 'Photo' by Georg Mittenecker and others; Lic.Creat.Comm.Attr.Sh.Alike v2.5 & v2.0)

» Menu: Templates & how tos     EN   DE   FR


UND7 ECORAMA
Constructing + environment protection

image: Turtle_House
Concepts, products, service providers and craftsmen.
Come back in 7 days, and the info pages about this are perhaps already to access.


Related subjects

» Climate future: Funding truth analysis     EN
» Energy: Funding truth analysis?     EN   DE   FR

(Photo: Marc Ryckaert (MJJR), 2009, Creat.Comm.Attr.3.0 Unported Licence. - SHOWS: Gouna (Red Sea, Egypt): Turtle House ("bright natural stone", more precisely "aus handbehauenem Sandstein" ), by German architect&designer Kurt Völtzke - turtle-guest-house.com - atelier-color.de )


How to survive without damage? How to be prepared for the co,omh collapse of public finances, pension systems and the health system?
Includes information about a new modern economic crisis theory related to the new expressions:

--- _EN_ + _FR_ marfinettes, marfinette, marfinosi --- _DE_ marfinetten, marfinosi --- _ES(SPAN)_ marfinetas, marfineta, marfinosos --- _IT_ marfinette, marfinetta, marfinosi, marfinoso --- _RU_ марфинеток, марфинетка, марфинози --- _PT_ marfinetes, marfinete, marfinosos --- _ZH(CH) _ 金融木偶 --- _JP_ マリフィット
(Photo: 2004 by Patrick Permien: Hamburg (Germany), Exercise, C pipe (100 l water/min at ~8bar); GNU Free Doc.Lic.v1.2++)


How they did it... how you can do it, too... (If you decide to burn your lifetime span for accumulating bank account content.)
(Photo: Château de Cheverny, Loire; 2003 by Thomas Steiner; GNU Free Doc.Lic.v1.2++)




Most important political decisions are based on wrong statistics.
» MENU: wrong economic statistics     EN   DE   FR


(Photo: By Toni_(f) Frissell (1907-1988): Fashion model underwater, Florida,1947; Libr.of Congr.)


AHA7 REALOVEST ... AHA7 REAL INVEST


Photo: (1984-11-14) Astronaut Dale A. Gardner holds up a "For Sale" sign refering to the two satellites, Palapa B-2 and Westar 6 that they retrieved from orbit. A portion of each of two recovered satellites is in the lower right corner, near Discovery's aft.



The World of Money Records: Find here the most expensive offers for close to everything... worldwide in the Internet...



» Menu: The Best or Nothing     EN   DE   FR


(Photo: By Toni_(f) Frissell (1907-1988): Fashion model underwater, Florida, 1939; from Library of Congress)



» Menu Money Investment     EN   DE   FR

(Photo: U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds: Airshow, 2007, Colorado. - Publ.dom.)




       ???image

» MENU: Money sources     EN   DE   FR

= Money sources access tool... Thousands of money sources to discover.
(Toolbox for online search:)


(New... the English language version is not yet implemented. Please come back in 7 days. Only the German language version is already activated.)


These projects are listed here for individual as well as for institutional investors.
       ???image


» _MENU_: Capital & fund raising     EN   DE   FR



Mininum 15 000 USD (~10 000 EUR)

"CYPONET"? - Is prof7.com aha7.com + 11 other Internet activities.
A coherent complex proprietary software environment is the capital - the 'body'. It semi- automatically produces flexible colorful Web sites on demand, including market places, auctions, directories and more.
Information requests: ok @ mrmio.com
Please specify the intended amount (10 000 USD or a multiple of it). (In English or FR, DE, ES, RU, or PT.), - Add in the subject line the priority code: _Z-CYPONET
Instant confirmation. - After credible requests for a total of 300 000++ USD, details will be mailed (12% interest rate guaranty).
       ???image




© Content + proprietary software: Copyright 1996 - 2017 CYB.PLAN.SOFTEX_Ltd_, _London_, +_author (for_own_content).
HTML5 _CERTIFIED_ image: certif.W3xhtm10 image: certif.W3css image: powered by Perl
 _i_
                         -ana-pubcc-pha11476# D=17530 F=evf-bondnat-en.htm