Abstract analysis: The theory behind SPHINX SECOND BRAIN
The logics of classification systems: Limits, restrictions, habits, solutions
SPHINX CODES are codes of an universal knowledge classification system, in productive use and evolution since 40 years.
The SPHINX System is used for various purposes. Among others, all knowledge information on some Internet sites is internally and sometimes visibly classified by this system: http://volxweb.com http://infos7.com http://prof7.com http://aha7.com and several others.
The SPHINX system is basically of similar logics like the leading Dewey Decimal Classification System for librarians. But SPHINX begins where DEWEY can not bypass its limits in our changed world of computerized data. The DEWEY system is a child of its time, when just numbering and standardizing was already a first huge progress. SPHINX is a child of its time, when computers have become the unlimited extensions of human brain.
The SPHINX system is without the limitation to the very arbitrary number 10 (the Dewey "decimal" classification). SPHINX is based on the guiding "concepts" in brain knowledge presentation. These are (so at least for SPHINX...) approximately 20. This number might be an interesting subject for discussions related to the science of intelligence and human archetypes. Is 20 arbitrary? Or is 20 the logical result of optimization during the evolution to intelligence? SPHINX is based on the latter opinion that it is an absolute phenomena of intelligence.
The SPHINX system allows for relative freedom in code assignment by the applying organizations and businesses. While it is mainly in use for knowledge in financing, investment, business, politics, it can be extended easily by users to their main activity, professional activities as well as hobbies or scientific applications.
SPHINX and Recursion
SPHINX codes are totally submitted to recursion.
"Recursion"? Recursion in the sense that a same code letter - like "V" for Government, Politics - always is attributed to this same general idea. When in the combined letter string of a classification code this single letter occurs, it stands there for its general single same meaning.
Dewey systems can never get to this level. Total "recursion" (in this sense) is only possible due to the inclusion of more than 10 "knowledge concepts", and to total universal abstraction possible in the time of computing and the Internet. The DEWEY relationship to typical topics of book type knowledge is obsolete in our time.
Recursion for knowledge classification codes is a rather difficult matter to understand. But it is for the SPHINX system considered as the key functionality to obtain a knowledge classification like applied by human brains. Recursion is considered as the key to close to everything in knowledge presentation like document archives. It is also considered as the key function for knowledge analysis, including for example automated language translation and computerized content analysis of a text.
Some kind of recursion might be considered as a basic logical need for intelligence. It fits to this view that some specialized programming languages for "artificial intelligence" implement advanced recursion features. There may be other computing and logical constructs as a response to the complexity of intelligence. Here is not the place for a complete analysis of such aspects.
SPHINX and archiving systems: Hierarchical - for knowledge.
When looking at the practical tasks of document management: Computers typically have a multi-level file system. This is a hierarchy for knowledge management. This has historical reasons. You can consider it as the historical result of the initial attempt to consider computers as brain mirrors. You can consider the file tree of your computer as a huge possible "second brain".
Around 1950, these were the golden years of computing history when the thinking machine was thought to be working during the next 10 years or so. Cybernetics was defined in the mid 20th century, by Norbert Wiener as "the scientific study of control and communication in the animal and the machine."
It belongs to the indirect heritage of these years that computers got later their hierarchical multi-level directory trees and kept them until now. This is why SPHINX SECOND BRAIN can be implemented out of the box on your PC or other computing device. It uses this already present structure as a knowledge data base. This avoids the need to implement a hierarchical structure by a new software. In other words, "the operating system is the already present data base software" for SPHINX.
SPHINX SECOND BRAIN make this intention of a brain mirror become a reality for the task of document management (which is not yet intelligence in the sense of "thinking"). SPHINX SECOND BRAIN uses for this the historical hierarchical logical structure of the file system.
A special feature is that a SPHINX code itself is already a hierarchical (and somehow "recursive") structure. - Example:
The category code SWE stands for:
- "S" = main level: organization (business, governmental, NGO, ...)
- "W" = second level: persons, individuals, human relationships,...
- "E" = third level: economic and financial aspects.
Into a directory named "swe" you might move all documents related to: Labor remuneration, salaries, minimum wages, manager earnings.
In theory, it might be useful to implement this with 3 directory levels - like: \s\w\e
In reality, it is mostly far more useful to make only directories with complete codes - like: \swe\
The "2-level relational" data base concepts
The most used data base systems do not have such a sophisticated internal structure. They conform to the "relational" data base concept. There is only a 2-level internal structure for the basic data storage location. But when it comes to indexing such a data base, the indexing system adds intelligence - and typically does it by constructing for the data a hierarchical parallel structure in the background.
For data of the enumeration type - like accounting, addresses - the primitive relational data base concept is efficient and is to prefer due to its simplicity. If intelligence is wanted, more complexity is required. A hierarchical system as such, like the file system of your PC, is not yet complex enough. Your brain does not work this way. The brain creates correlations. It does networking.
SPHINX SECOND BRAIN adds a significant increase of the intelligence level: Some functionalities of the networking type and correlation type. This approaches your document management on your PC much better to the way how your brain manages information archived in the brain.
Your content archive should be a mirror of content relationships.
Software packages for automatic grouping of content typically apply the low-level logics of relational data base systems. - Example: When you visited three times in your life Paris, your brain considers this as a strongly related data storage inside the brain. If an automatic image import software orders all your pictures in a primitive manner by date, this correlation is removed.
SPHINX SECOND BRAIN would result in having all these pictures in a correlated location. The details of this are optional for the user. So the user will automatically prefer to organize the personal content archiving habits conforming to the user's brain. Human brains are so far similar, but not identical. So there is an individual factor involved. This is useful for an individual PC.
In case of any kind of cooperation (human organizations, like businesses) the archiving rules have to be defined by those responsible for the document management. This will typically become an average of the prevailing opinions in the organization. Such an internal standardization has also a permanent educational effect for the staff members: Their thinking will better be aligned to an optimized professional view of the activity subjects.
SPHINX: History and current increased availability.
Various lists of SPHINX codes have been published occasionally since approximately 1990. But there was never an effort to establish it as something like a tool or service for others. Organizations and businesses typically tend to maintain their current habits of information classification. In this case it is difficult to convince to opt for more efficiency for internal or public knowledge access. Those who created and administer the system in use, will be asked if they agree that there is possibly a better concept, possibly replacing their job. Guess the answer...
Finally it was decided late 2013 to distribute first small snippets of the system, as far as useful for individual users and for small businesses. Since late 2013 the problems of cloud computing and the fact of 10 years of intensive external PC control and mail control have become public. Users want to return to total control of their data and their documents. A first step for this is to abandon any use of the predefined locations of the operating systems like "home", "My Documents" and so on.
In addition, it is time for the paperless office to become reality. For this, too, a far more professional approach for archive organization is required.
SPHINX SECOND BRAIN enables all these advantages. The time has come to try to convince users to begin a more professional document management on their personal PC.